[Content Note: Rape culture; sexual assault; harassment; misogyny; objectification.]
I guess I don't need to elaborate here on how I feel these days about Penny Arcade and their bicoastal, twice-yearly paean to conspicuous consumption, PAX Prime/PAX East. They represent some of the worst of gamer culture, they gleefully profit from misogyny and rape jokes, and their convention (increasingly, it seems) disregards its own "no booth babes" rule, making women feel less welcome and encouraging (presumed male) attendees to see all women, booth babe, cosplayer, developer, PR, or "regular" attendee, as sexualized objects there for men's pleasure.
It's distressing, then, but hardly surprising to hear that, at a party thrown by Mojang's Markus "Notch" Persson, noted fedora enthusiast, indie-game-scene darling, and creator of the wildly successful Minecraft, a female game blogger seeking some relative solitude in a corner was accosted, harassed, and sexually assaulted by a male party-goer. Understandably upset, she fled the party, and when her friends sought out security, they were greeted with shrugs.
Some salient points:
- The party was paid for by Persson himself, not by Mojang. It's not entirely clear to what extent he organized it, and to what extent the party venue handled those details.
- The party took place during PAX Prime, but was not an official PAX event, nor was it at the PAX venue. However, as it was a party thrown during PAX by a video game celebrity; it's reasonable to assume that the majority of attendees were PAX-goers.
- A notable exception: some attendees, distinguished (according to Ky, the blogger who was assaulted) by red wristbands, were women hired from a modeling agency.
- Lydia Winters, Minecraft's "Director of Fun" commented on Ky's blog post clarifying that Persson, not Mojang, had thrown the party and that the models were hired by "the production company" to "have more girls there to up the girl to guy ratio. It's a pretty typical club procedure." (Winters confirmed via twitter that it was in fact her who posted that comment.)
- It's not clear, then whether hiring the models was in fact Persson's idea, or whether he knew about/approved it. (One would imagine that, if planning were left to the venue or some other third party, given that Persson was paying, he'd at least have been asked to sign off on the expenses.)
- Persson himself, about three hours ago, tweeted:
Some asshole did something totally unacceptable at my party, and a security guard shrugged it off. Very upset. It's being dug into.— Markus Persson (@notch) September 4, 2012
- In an update at the top of her post, Ky emphasizes that she doesn't feel PAX or Mojang is responsible in any way for what happened, and that in her view "The ONLY person who should be held accountable for what happened is the asshole himself." She also states, "Also this post isn't about nerd or gamer culture or blaming those cultures at all, this could happen in any community, at any party, to anyone."
First: Ky is obviously the final authority on her own experience, and just as obviously the man who attacked her is the only one who bears direct (let alone legal) responsibility for that crime.
Nonetheless, perhaps predictably, I disagree that this incident has nothing to do with PAX or with nerd/gamer culture. There is too much evidence, commonly discussed in this space, that cultural and environmental factors make predators feel they're free to operate in a given situation — and that make bystanders more likely to shrug, to see the warning signs of predatory behavior as "normal".
It's certainly true that things like this can and do happen "in any community, at any party, to anyone" — rape culture is endemic, and no subcultural niche is entirely free of it. However, gamer culture — fueled by Nice Guy (often shading into MRA) bitterness over high-school bullying and lack of "success" with girls (an historical injustice elevated to mythic proportions in nerdism) — clings to especially overt misogyny and objectification. One need only look at the vitriolic response to Liss' criticism of Fat Princess, Anita Sarkeesian's proposed (now underway) "Tropes vs. Women in Video Games" video series, the myriad examples at Fat, Ugly, or Slutty?, or of course the Dickwolves debacle, to see this in action.
PAX encourages and revels in these attitudes — reflecting the views (so far as one can surmise from their actions) of its founders and their core fanbase — but it certainly doesn't start with PAX, or with Penny Arcade. Society's misogyny has always been an element of nerd culture, and nerd culture's tendency to be self-referential, insular, and distrustful of "outsiders", makes it self-reinforcing. Critics, whether from without or within the subculture, are almost invariably dismissed out-of-hand as "not understanding", not being "real gamers". And people growing up in gamer culture — especially young men — have spent a decade, or two, or three, absorbing these attitudes with very little real challenge to them.
So inasmuch as gamer culture is tainted by rape culture, and PAX is one of the purer expressions of contemporary gamer culture, yes, this is about PAX. This is about the kinds of people who felt welcome at PAX, and what they thought they could get away with. It's about the constant presence of "booth babes" at gaming conventions, and the still abysmal representation of women in mainstream games. It's about the kind of people who think it's reasonable to "up the girl to guy ratio" by hiring models to attend a party, because they think their (presumed male, presumed heterosexual) attendees neither possess nor need to be encouraged to develop any social skills, and thus are and will remain repulsive to women not paid to tolerate them. (There are, of course, far too many problems with this to unpack in a single blog post.) And it's about what all this, taken together, in constant dosage over many years, teaches people who didn't even notice they were being instructed: women are decorative objects, there for men's enjoyment; they have no significant interests of their own; they are not skilled; they are not peers; if they are not attractive to men they are failures; they are merely things for men to desire and despise. (If you think I'm overstating, now would be a good time to go look again at those links a couple paragraphs up.)
Now, almost everyone — even in the comments section of her blog post, a rarity here on the interwebs — has reacted to Ky's story with horror and disgust. But almost everyone (including Ky herself) has directed that horror and disgust solely at the individual assailant. It's easy in this case, because "grabbing a stranger's hand and putting it on your penis" is behavior (in point of fact, a crime) even most MRAs will recognize as beyond the pale. Oh, that one guy did something really unacceptable! He's terrible, nothing more to see here. But given what we know about sexual harassment and assault, it's highly likely that he harassed more than one person that night, and furthermore that he wasn't the only one who did. How many of the models paid to be there put up with harassment and perhaps assault? How many female party-goers were harassed by sexist male nerds who thought harassing the models was "part of their job" (nope!) and extrapolated from there that it was an acceptable way to behave toward any women at that party (again, nope!)? Rape culture teaches men that they're entitled to sexual gratification from women, whether visual, verbal, or physical; hiring models to "mingle" with partygoers declares the same thing explicitly.
Ky's assailant is the only case from that party, that we know of, where someone decided he was entitled not only to sexual gratification but to enforce his claim to that gratification with violence — and make no mistake, all sexual assault is violence — and that makes him a relatively egregious example. But that doesn't make him an isolated, unconnected, free-floating Bad Person whose worldview, impulses, and actions come from nowhere and cannot be interrogated. His attitudes came from somewhere, and for every person like him who physically sexually assaults someone, there are dozens or hundreds who hold basically the same views, absorbed from basically the same sources, who "only" harass and intimidate and make gamer culture hostile to everyone who isn't heterosexual, cisgender, white, able-bodied, and male.
Finally, here's the kicker. If past incidents in gamer culture are any indicator (Dickwolves, Fat Princess, Duke Nukem Forever, Resident Evil 5, the Borderlands 2 "Girlfriend Mode" controversy, and countless others) there will be no lasting consequences. A few more people will be alienated from gamer culture, but the majority of gamers will brush it off, and continue to support the institutions that promote these attitudes. The gaming press — even the smart, progressive gaming press — will write about Penny Arcade and PAX and Gearbox and Mojang to talk about their press releases and upcoming games, and will not mention the kinds of things that happen under their various auspices. No lasting opprobrium will attach to any of their names, and the culture will not change. People, even smart, thoughtful, progressive people who understand rape culture and how it works, and work tirelessly to break down race, gender, and sexuality barriers in gamer culture, will keep attending PAX and buying games produced by developers with toxic, misogynist studio cultures. The overwhelming sense will be that yeah, that stuff was bad, but that's all in the past. Like the security guard in Ky's story: "Okay? What do you expect me to do?"
That seems like a harsh way to close, but I don't know what else to say. A lot of people have been patient and polite about this for a great many years, and the results have been rather underwhelming. Nerd culture resists change, and perceives efforts to bring change as attacks, no matter how moderate, no matter how careful the phrasing. I think the best hope is to work to make explicit what it is the pillars of the subculture support: to label their behavior indelibly as sexism, and to finally attach some modicum of shame to behaviors that should always have been seen as shameful. Challenge harmful structures, don't support them. Don't let praise for misogynist companies and institutions go unquestioned. make all but the most committedly sexist nerds uncomfortable voicing their boy's-club attitudes, and make it socially unacceptable for the majority to associate with the hardcore misogynists.